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Chateau Olivier

Location:
Chateau Olivier
is a 220 hectare estate located in the Graves region almost directly south of the city of Bordeaux.

Classification:
In the 1959 classification of the Graves Region, Chateau Olivier was given the highest ranking for both it's red and white wines. There were only 6 estates that received this ranking for red wines as well as whites.

Vineyards:
Of the 220 hectares at Chateau Olivier, only 50 hectares are planted to grapes. The vineyards at Chateau Olivier are densely planted with 8,000 to 10,000 plants per hectare. The soil is made up of limestone and gravel. The gravel has an unusual mix of quartz, jasper, flint and other minerals.
Chateau Olivier has 38 hectares of vineyards growing grapes for red wines. The red wine vineyards are planted with 45% Merlot, 45% Cabernet Sauvignon and 10% Cabernet Franc. The average age of the grape vines used for making red wines is 25 years.
Chateau Olivier has 12 hectares of vineyards devoted to the production of white wines. Within the 12 hectares of white grapes, the vineyard is planted with 55% Semillion, 40% Sauvignon Blanc and 5% Muscadelle. The average age of the grape vines used for making white wines is 40 years.

Winemaking:
Olivier produces an average of 18,000 cases of red wine and 6,000 cases of white wine. The red wines are produced by Guy Guimberteau while the winemaker for the white wines is Denis Dubourdieu. As is required by local Appellation d'Origine regulations, all the grapes are harvested by hand. A great deal of care is taken to harvest only those clusters where the grapes are healthy and in prime condition. Chateau Olivier uses temperature controlled stainless steel tanks for fermentation of the grape must. Red wines are fermented at 25-30 degrees C. White wines are fermented at 20 degrees C. After the wine is fermented, Chateau Olivier lets it age in barrel for 12 months. This is true for the white wine as well as the red wine. The oak barrels on the estate are replaced at the rate of 1/3 per year.

History:
Chateau Olivier has a very long history. The first building was constructed in the 11th or 12th century. There are records of the Seigniory of Olivier as far back as 1273. The 'Black Prince' (Prince Noir) lived in Chateau Olivier in the middle of the 14th century. Chateau Olivier passed into the hands of Pierre Pernel, the Baron of Brede, as part of the dowry received when he married Marie de Lasserre in 1663. Marie was the daughter of the Lord of Olivier. Pierre Pernel's only daughter married Jacques de Secondat, the Baron de Montesquieu, and Chateau Olivier had another owner. The Bethmann family bought Chateau Olivier in 1886 and it continues as a family owned property. Jean-Jacques Bethmann and his wife Reine Claude are the current owners.

Style:
Chateau Olivier Red is a delicious full flavored wine with excellent structure. It is noted for dense fruit aromas and flavors. Raspberry, Oak and Gravel can all be found in this wine. The Chateau Olivier Red becomes accessible after about 5 years and can age for decades if stored properly.
Chateau Olivier Blanc is a beautiful, well-balanced wine with a terrific bouquet and a round, mouth-filling taste profile. It is very refreshing in it's youth and can gain complexity with age. In good vintages, this wine is at it's best from 5 to 10 years old.

Second Wine:
Seigniory of Olivier