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Wine Grape Varieties

Wine grape varieties represent only a small portion of the more than 600 kinds of grapes. Each grape variety has its own unique combination of characteristics including color, size, skin thickness, acidity, yield per vine and flavors. Only a few grape varieties are suited to produce fine quality wine..

While many grape varieties are used to produce wines, only a few grapes have distinguished themselves as being particulary suited for the production of fine wine. These 'noble grape varieties' must still be matched with the right micro-climate and winemaking techniques in order to live up to their potential. Click on the links below to find information about each wine grape variety.

White Grapes
Aligoté Chardonnay Chenin Blanc Columbard
Folle Blanche Gewurztraminer Grüner Veltliner Malvasia
Marsanne Melon de Bourgogne Muller-Thurgau Muscadelle
Muscat Palomino Pedro Ximénez Pinot Blanc
Pinot Gris Riesling Rousanne Sauvignon Blanc
Scheurebe Semillon Sylvaner Trebbiano
Ugni Blanc Verdicchio Viognier  
Red Grapes
Barbera Brunello Cabernet Franc Cabernet Sauvignon
Carignane Carmenere Cinsault Dolcetto
Durif Gamay Grenache Grignolino
Malbec Merlot Montepulciano Mourvèdre
Nebbiolo Petit Sirah Petit Verdot Pinotage
Pinot Meunier Pinot Noir Sangiovese Syrah/Shiraz
Tempranillo Tinta Barroca Tinta Cao Touriga Francesa
Touriga Nacional Tinta Roriz Zinfandel